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how to drive e-paper display, Matrix E-ink Display technolgoy-- FAQ

Source:Original Number of visits: Date:2017-08-16

Q: Are your E-Paper Displays RoHS compliant?

A: All of Good Display E-Paper Displays are RoHS compliant.

Q: What is the difference between an Matrix display and an Segmented display?

A: The underlying ePaper technology is very similar but is tuned to the needs of the different applications of a Matrix display versus a Segmented display.

Matrix displays are intended for applications requiring the display of many different forms of text and images. These displays comprise of a large array of pixels. These individual pixels are controlled by a TFT array similar to what you will have a typical computer monitor or TV screen.

Segmented displays are intended for applications where the display requirements can be met using predefined segments that can be turned on or off. This is similar to what one would see in a typical calculator with a numeric or alphanumeric display.

Basically will the display be made up of an array of pixels or by a collection of predefined shapes.

Q: What is Good Display's minimum purchase quantity for Matrix displays? And what about the small size, for example, 2.9 inch? 

A: You can purchase one unit matrix display for standard products, but you must have 100,000 unit and even more volume for custom products, this varies based on the size and requirements of the display application and whether it is a custom or standard size display. It is best to discuss your requirements with a member of our sales team. And for the small size(less than 3.5 inches), the molding fee is about 100,000 US dollars, the MOQ is 500K.

Q: What is the pricing for Good Display Matrix displays?

A: Pricing for Matrix displays depends on volumes and whether the display is a custom or standard display. The main driver of pricing is the overall display size, whether the display is monochrome or color.

Q: How large/small can Matrix e-ink displays be?

A: The size and shape of a Matrix e-ink display is totally dictated by the size of the electrical backplane that the FPL is laminated to. Displays can be very small or very large. E Ink has standard display modules. Almost any size and shape can be made depending on the volumes.

Q: What voltage is required to drive a Matrix e-ink display?

A: The drive for E Ink displays is typically 15 volts. An ecosystem of electronic components exists for design of complete epaper systems.

Q: How much power does a Matrix e-ink display consume?

A: Matrix e-ink displays are bi-stable. This means that they only consume power while the display is being updated. No power is required to maintain an image after it has been updated. The power required to for the update process depends on the size of the display but is of the order of microwatts.

Q: Does Good Display have developer kits for Matrix products?

A: Yes there are developer kits available for Matrix products from Good Display. These kits are not available for general sale. They are available for customers who are evaluating a display for incorporating into an end product. The best way to access the kits is by contacting sales.

Q: Does Good Display have a color product or is it only monochrome?

A: Good Display does have a color product which was launched in November, 2010. A color display is similar to the monochrome FPL, except that it has a color filter array over the FPL to generate color. This is similar to the RGB pattern that an LCD TV uses to generate color from a white light.

Q: How long does it take to update an image on an Matrix e-ink display?

A: An e-ink display module supports numerous modes for updating the display. Different modes exist to support the different update requirements. Update times can be as short as 120 msec. for the entire display. Also to consider is that because e-ink screens are bi-stable, only the regions of the screen that are changing require updating. Any pixels that are not changing do not require updating.

Q: Can an Matrix e-ink display support animation or video rates?

A: Using the faster update modes, e-ink screens can support animation quality video rates. A number of examples are available from customers that show examples of e-ink screens showing video.

Q: Does Good Display provide or support flexible matrix displays?

A: The flexibility of an EPD display is controlled by the backplane. Good Display does support flexible backplanes, now we have 1.43" flexible matrix display.

Q: What is the thickness of an Matrix E-Paper display?

A: Thicknesses range from 1mm to 1.2 mm. This includes the FPL, protective sheet and the glass TFT backplane.

Q: What is the temperature range for Matrix E-Paper displays?

A: The operating temperature range for an Matrix display is from 0-50 °C, and the storage temperature range is from -20-70°C.

Q: What is waveform?

A: Waveform are predefined voltage impulse sequences used by display controller to manipulate ink.
The voltage sequence and temperature range are stored in a lookup Table(LUT) and is precisely paired to the display by production lots to enable precise placement of pigment to achieve accurate gray-level.

Q: Why does waveform need?

A: Because of every lots of E INK material has slightly different at ink characteristics which effects are temperature dependent.
So, waveform is a driving method which consider the factor of temperature, production lot, display size and waveform type to control the each lots of EPD performance at same range, and this is Good Display's responsibility to provide the suitable waveform to our customer.

Q: What are the types of waveform mode?

A: The waveform mode optional argument allows you to select the type of waveform update.

WF type

Updated time

Bit depth



4 sec


The INIT waveform flashes the display and drives the display to a white state. Used this waveform if the display is in an unknown state such as when the previous image is unknown due to reboot, or just test the host function.


260 ms


Direct update is only used when pixels are updating from any gray-level to either white to black such as handwriting or menu. Gray pixels will not be affected, MU/DU is about twice as fast as GC or GU.


780 ms


Grayscale Update is a non-flashing waveform that can be used to update changing grayscale pixels.


600/780/980 ms


Grayscale Clear is a flashing waveform used to provide the accurate update performance. All pixels are updated or cleared.


Q: What is the normal product lifetime of Good Display's e-ink display?

A: For standard products, it is a minimum of 5 years or the times of refresh is 1,000,000. 

Q: Do Good Display E-Paper Displays have CE certification?

A: CE certification is typically given to end products. Since the E-Paper Display is a component, it does not carry CE certification.

Q:Can it be realistic? If want to integrate the circuit onto the e paper FPC to replace PCB directly, the PCB will not be used in the product, and the FPC of the epaper need open a mould

A: If the FPC fixed with the components will have a yield problem. The FPC is bendable and it is easy to cause the loss of the components. This solution cannot be operated.

Q:Can you do an irregular shape segmen E paper?

A:Yes,, we can .As long as the number of segment is not too many and IC is easy to choose. Additionally, PCB is more easy packaging than that of flexible one . But we can do if must be, tooling cost will be higher 20% - 30%  than normal  type segment E paper .

Q: Can large size monochrome or color E paper support FPC open mould?

A:Yes. Minimum order is 10K.The sample delivery date is 25 to 30 days after payment of the model fee.

Q: What does LUT and OTP stand for?

A:LUT stands for external waveform, OTP represents the built-in waveform.

Q: How to set LUT for OTP support products?

A:The partial refresh support product needs LUT, and the rest can be.

QPartial refresh remnant shadow problem for GDEW0154D27

A:Extend the refresh time, add a full update after several times.

Q: What is the voltage of adapt board?

A:3.3 V, 5 V  without any connection.

Q: The reason for the horizontal bar in the three color electronic paper.

A:There is a possibility of a horizontal bar for hardware settings and improper changes in software programs.

Q: The cause of red diffusion in the short time after the refresh of the color electronic paper.

A:When the steady state is not established, the refresh is stopped.

Q: Why is a SPI  Epaper screen longer than a parallel screen when updating?

A:Because the serial port only transmits 1 bit of data at a time, the parallel way can be transmitted simultaneously.

Q: Storage humidity for electronic paper.

A:40% to 70%.

Q:If the E paper display can work on Operation Conditions: Temperature 0-40 ; Humidity 5-90%RH ?

A:Operating Temperature O—40℃is okay, and we recommend the suitable Humidity is from 35% to 65% RH.

Q:If it is acceptable for Indoor Humidity about 30-60% in Summer & 30-80% in Winter?

A:The Humidity in Summer and in Winter can be acceptable for the matched Temperature range of 0--25℃or +10--35℃.

Q:If Tcon demo can come with temperature sensor?

A:The IC LM75A installed on the Tcon is temperature sensor.

Q:How to solve the unclean problem when 2.9 inch e-paper display refreshed in the first time from deep sleep mode?

A: The process of refreshing from deep sleep mode is the proccess of re-energizing actually. So it is necessary to have a full refresh first to avoid ghost.

Q:Can our normal temperature e-paper display be used under strong light? Why is it partially darkened under strong light? 

A: No.Strong light will dry the charged particles in the microcapsules of e-paper display, make them lose activity and can not be refreshed or be recovered.

Q:What is the refreshing time of e-paper display?
A:1,For 2-color(black and white) e-paper display, full refresh is generally around 6s. The display with partial refresh, full refresh: 1s;partial refresh : 300ms around.
2, For 3-color(black, white and red/yellow) e-paper display, full refresh is generally around 12s except for GDEW0154C39 and GDEW0213C38, both of them are 25s around.

Q: Can the demo board integrate with the Arduino system?

A: No, only the Raspberry Pi system.


Q: Lower Power Solution for the e-paper display.

A: Two ways: cancel the deep sleep mode, or add an analog switch at the front end of the driver circuit.


Q:If the waveform file does not correspond to the display, will it affect the refresh?
A:Wave files and e-paper must be one-to-one correspondence. If confused, it may affect the refresh.
Q:How to intuitively distinguish the full refresh and the partial refresh?


A:The picture does not flash when partial refresh.

TypeInfo: Technical Support

Keywords for the information:E-paper display technology 



  • Commentator: Blop
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2017.04.04
  • Commentator's email address: vlecavelier@symes.fr
  • Comment: Hello, 
    I have purchased a E Paper GDEW027W3. Do you have the schematics of your demo kit (with SPI interface), for us to know how to interface it with our custom card. Can you alos send us the example code please ?
  • Reply: ok, no problem
  • Commentator: Raj
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2017.02.10
  • Commentator's email address: rajendran_pde@yahoo.com
  • Comment: Hi, Can i directly drive your e-paper display from Arduino or other MCUs without any additional interface.
  • Commentator: Abhilash
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2017.01.26
  • Commentator's email address: abhilashsahoo91@gmail.com
  • Comment: Hi,This is Abhilash from India, I want to buy 13.3" GDEP133UT1 Epaper display of Good display, Please inform me its price and how can I purchase it from India??
  • Reply: dear  abhilash, i had reply to your mailbox , please check it thank you .
  • Commentator: marsal
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2017.01.08
  • Commentator's email address: marsal87@gmail.com
  • Comment: I can't find any information about register 0x71 that is mentioned in the reference programm code. The same problem with 0x82 for VCM_DC setting. The sample code wuld be helpfull. Can you send it me please?
  • Commentator: Rashmi Bora
  • Gender: Ms.
  • Commenting time:2016.12.27
  • Commentator's email address: rashmi.bora@s-cubetech.com
  • Comment: I have one GDEW075T8, When i am using LUTs from flash it works properly but when using in mode LUTs from register then i get no response in the display. I am defining the LUTs also. Kindly help me with that. Also tell how to build the LUTs and their values for each color.
  • Commentator: Vladimir
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2016.12.10
  • Commentator's email address: sukhoi@abv.bg
  • Comment: Hello, i will go to use your 3 color 7.5 inch epaper for my next project. Can you send me reference schematic how to make board for it please. Also some reference for connector and some software example. Thanks
  • Reply: Dear Vladimir, i  had send information to your mail box
  • Commentator: Irving
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2016.12.02
  • Commentator's email address: irving_bm@hotmail.com
  • Comment: I bought 3 GDEW029Z04 and I need the code to use the red color... What about using the Epaper in a Arduino, can you tell me how? irving_bm@hotmail.com
  • Commentator: Shy
  • Gender: Mr.
  • Commenting time:2016.11.29
  • Commentator's email address: shy@navatek.com
  • Comment: Can you email data-sheet for GDE0213B1
  • Reply: I have send datasheet to your mail box